Spain lists as second, with 40, for the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in one country. The arts pay homage to the history of bulls and bull fighting. Antiquity shows the worship of bulls at Knossos. In España, during the 19th century, Francisco de Goya made his famous etchings of the recortes or Basque-Navarre bull fighting style. The bull lives to a ripe old age with this style. Edouard Manet did a famous rendering of a gored matador in Dead Bullfighter (1864-1865).
Professional matadors fight, and invariably kill, the bulls each afternoon of the festival.
The fiesta, which ends July 14, is known also for its all-night street parties.
Tuesday's run used bulls from the southern Cebada Gago ranch, considered among the most dangerous in San Fermin. In 27 years, they have gored more than 35 people.
Ernest Hemingway, one of the top 100 books of all time according to some literary critics The Sun Also Rises (1926) is the best way to experience Pamplona and The Running of the Bulls. Who needs the actual goring - neither human or bull enjoys it.